A Cellular Taxonomy of the Bone Marrow Stroma in Homeostasis and Leukemia

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A Cellular Taxonomy of the Bone Marrow Stroma in Homeostasis and LeukemiaMolecular definition of the cell populations comprising bone marrow stroma is provided with single-cell resolution. Seventeen distinct cell subsets with new mesenchymal, pericyte, fibroblast, and endothelial subpopulations, new inferred osteolineage differentiation trajectories, and distinctions among Lepr, Nestin, and NG2-expressing HSC niche populations are defined. The changes imposed by an emergent AML indicate impaired stromal differentiation among mesenchymal cells and decreased expression of hematopoietic regulatory genes consistent with cancer cells indirectly impairing the normal hematopoietic cells with whom they must compete.Molecular definition of the cell populations comprising bone marrow stroma is provided with single-cell resolution. Seventeen distinct cell subsets with new mesenchymal, pericyte, fibroblast, and endothelial subpopulations, new inferred osteolineage differentiation trajectories, and distinctions among Lepr, Nestin, and NG2-expressing HSC niche populations are defined. The changes imposed by an emergent AML indicate impaired stromal differentiation among mesenchymal cells and decreased expression of hematopoietic regulatory genes consistent with cancer cells indirectly impairing the normal hematopoietic cells with whom they must compete.Ninib Baryawno, Dariusz Przybylski, Monika S. Kowalczyk, Youmna Kfoury, Nicolas Severe, Karin Gustafsson, Konstantinos D. Kokkaliaris, Francois Mercier, Marcin Tabaka, Matan Hofree, Danielle Dionne, Ani Papazian, Dongjun Lee, Orr Ashenberg, Ayshwarya Subramanian, Eeshit Dhaval Vaishnav, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Aviv Regev, David T. Scaddenhttps://secure.jbs.elsevierhealth.com/action/getSharedSiteSession?redirect=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cell.com%2Fcell%2Ffulltext%2FS0092-8674%2819%2930459-3%3Frss%3Dyes&rc=0http://www.cell.com/cell/inpress.rssCellCell RSS feed.Wireless News CampaignMay 24, 2019

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